Indonesia has embraced the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) since it was adopted at the General Assembly of the United Nations in September 2015. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia is highly committed to become one of the foremost pioneers and role models to achieve the 17 goals and 169 measurable targets as stipulated in the 2030 United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development. The same commitment to jointly implement Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by all countries in the world is essential to eradicate poverty, promote shared prosperity and improve environmental quality. Issues of poverty, welfare, and environmental quality are common challenges to be faced globally. Therefore, one of the main necessary conditions to achieve SDGs is an enable environment that should be created jointly: a global peace, security and stability.
Goals, targets, and indicators of SDGs that have been agreed are continuation and expansion of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) that were implemented during the period of 2000-2015. Indonesia successfully achieved 49 out of 67 indicators of MDGs by the end of 2015. The remaining indicators in MDGs will be further implemented in SDGs.
Indonesia has mainstreamed SDGs into national development plan. Preparation and implementation of SDGs from the national to sub-national levels are conducted inclusively with engagement of all stakeholders, not only representatives from government and parliament, but also representatives from business, community organizations, experts and academics.
Indonesian SDGs implementation is expected to be relatively at ease since the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) 2015-2019 coincided with SDGs preparation. SDGs mainstreaming to RPJMN was developed at early stage and is essential to ensure that goals and targets of SDGs become one unity with the national agenda. Thus, RPJMN provides clear guidance for Ministries/Institutions to implement SDGs and secure budget allocation. In other words, for Indonesia, SDGs implementation also means implementing national development.